BepiColombo third Mercury flyby

BepiColombo Third Flyby: Revealing the Intriguing Geology of Mercury

BepiColombo's third flyby of Mercury reveals captivating images and exciting findings, setting the stage for future exploration

The ESA/JAXA BepiColombo mission has recently achieved a significant milestone by successfully completing its third gravity assist flyby around Mercury. During this crucial phase, the spacecraft captured breathtaking images using its onboard monitoring camera and collected a wealth of data.

These findings mark a remarkable advancement in our understanding of the planet, providing new insights into its tectonic and volcanic features. ESA has confirmed that the entire operation proceeded flawlessly, opening up new possibilities for the BepiColombo mission and its objective to explore the enigmatic planet Mercury.

BepiColombo’s during third flyby of Mercury
BepiColombo’s during the third flyby of Mercury. Credits: ESA


Exploring BepiColombo: Unveiling Mercury’s Secrets and Mission Details

The BepiColombo mission represents a collaboration between the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) with the aim of exploring the planet Mercury. The BepiColombo spacecraft consists of two main modules:

  1. Mercury Transfer Module (MTM): Responsible for transporting the spacecraft to Mercury using solar electric propulsion.
  2. Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO): Houses a suite of scientific instruments to study the planet in detail.
    All the components of the BepiColombo spacecraft
    All the components of the BepiColombo spacecraft. Credits: ESA

    The mission seeks to address important questions about the formation and evolution of Mercury, as well as its composition, internal structure, and magnetosphere. Through a series of planned gravity assist flybys around Mercury, the spacecraft has the opportunity to gather crucial information about the environment surrounding the planet and adjust its trajectory for orbital insertion.

    During the flybys, the scientific instruments aboard BepiColombo acquire valuable data on Mercury’s atmosphere, surface, and composition, allowing scientists to deepen our understanding of this mysterious and intriguing planet.

    illustration of Mercury's third flyby by BepiColombo
    Illustration of Mercury’s third flyby by BepiColombo. Credits: ESA

    The BepiColombo mission is a long-term endeavor, with a cruise phase scheduled to last until 2025, when the spacecraft will finally enter orbit around Mercury. Once in orbit, the MPO and the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) modules will separate to operate in complementary orbits, enabling comprehensive reconnaissance of the planet.

    During the operational phase, the instruments on board the spacecraft will conduct detailed observations of Mercury’s surface, its magnetic field, atmosphere, and ongoing geological processes. The ultimate goal is to gain a thorough understanding of Mercury and its unique characteristics, thereby contributing to our knowledge of planetary evolution in the solar system.


    Exciting Discoveries and Future Steps of the BepiColombo Mission

    The third flyby of BepiColombo has yielded remarkable results that significantly contribute to the mission. During this close encounter with Mercury, incredible images and a wealth of scientific data have been acquired. High-resolution images have revealed a newly named impact crater, called Manley, which may hold valuable insights into the geological history and composition of Mercury. Additionally, volcanic and tectonic features, such as the Beagle Rupes escarpment, have been observed, providing important clues about the planet’s evolution and geological activity.

    In light of these promising findings, the BepiColombo mission looks ahead with enthusiasm. The next step will be another flyby of Mercury in September 2024, which will further deepen our knowledge of the planet. In the meantime, the spacecraft will face a challenging phase, including the activation of the solar electric propulsion system to counteract the Sun’s powerful gravitational pull. These efforts are crucial to guide BepiColombo towards Mercury’s orbit in 2025.

    The BepiColombo mission represents a significant advancement in our exploration of Mercury and will pave the way for new discoveries and knowledge in the field of planetary sciences.


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    Federico Airoldi

    Federico Airoldi

    Coder, developer and content creator. I am dedicated to spreading my love of space exploration and inspiring others to join me in the pursuit of new frontiers. Page owner of Airo_spaceflight.

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